Tore Regnell, a neighbour of mine, took this photo about 1938. No reeds but the same barn at the shore. Behind the barn there is a glimpse of a roof of a cowhouse!
The ruin of a cowhouse - Probably built in 1863/64.
As far as I can remember, this building looked like this... The timbering consists of 10 rows giving 235 cm in height. Likely the construction has been somewhat higher, though time and decay has made it sag. The height under the beams of the roof has been about 190 cm.
It has been said that some time about 1950 the roof was destroyed by a storm. The house was then ruined and abandoned. Knut Sandström, who was running the farm as a market garden, did not need such a big barn for his few milch cows and the horse he had.
Blocks ending at a door or at a window have to be bind together to keep them in place. By cutting a ditch at the end of each block, a beam can be put into the ditch thereby locking the blocks together. In Swedish that cut across several blocks is named "gåtspår" and the beam binding the blocks in position is named the "gåt". In this case (see right picture) the groove has been cut out with help of an auger (a big drill).
The timbered part of the barn was 10 meters long by almost 8 meters broad. The foundations on each side of the timbered building show that there was a 5 and a 6 meters long hey-barn on either side of the timbered building. The window apertures are 1 meter wide with window-frames possibly of 80x60 centimeters. The doorway on the front side (bottom of the drawing) is 150 cm wide by 175 cm height. There is a doorway in the middle of every wall. The doorway on the sea side (upper part of the drawing) is only 85 cm wide. In the leftmost part of that wall there is a small whole (31 cm wide, 35 cm height, see figure 6). Possibly it has been used as an entrance for chickens.
When was this cowhouse built? Dendrochonological dating.
- Every block in this building is more or less destroyed by the house longhorn beetle, by other woodworms and by decay. 12 samples were collected from 9 blocks in the northern and eastern walls. The northern wall contains some blocks of slowgrown wood. From these blocks I have collected samples that could be crossdated.
- Three blocks in the northern wall can be dated to 1862. Another forth block to 1863.
- One block can be dated to 1773 (CorrC=0.67, TTest=5.3) though the sample contains only 37 year rings, which makes the dating somewhat unreliable. That block is better crossdated towards a mean value curve from the croft "Sisshammar" at Tyresö (CorrC=0.73, TTest=6.3) than towards the Nämdö reference. I.e. possibly there is some old timber brought in from the main land. (Another alternative is that this block was imported to Nämdö already in the 1770th and then reused for this barn building in the 1860th.)
- The remaining samples have fallen into pieces because of decay and woodworms so that the felling years could not be established.
Background and conclusions
In the 1860th, the manorial estate Östanvik was divided into four farms. The big brick barn at Östanvik was dismounted and the material divided among the heirs. The new farms Västanvik, Västerängen and Västerby were built - i.e. new buildings were built up or old houses were moved to the new farms. The island also got its new church in 1876.
The dating of the barn ruin at Östanvik shows that also here a completely new cowhouse was built with the youngest block found being felt in the winter 1863/64. There must have been a great demand for timber because of this extensive building activity. This might explain the block dated 1773 which seems to come from elsewhere than Nämdö.
Ring width data is available as NMKSLG.rwl containing comments readable by CDendro.
The pigsty at Gamla Östanvik - dated to 1874/75.
This is the pigsty at Gamla Östanvik. The photo was taken in 1999. There was a similar pigsty at every farm or croft in old times.
Size of the house: 390 cm frontside, 320 cm along the right side. Front edge height 200 cm, backedge height 100 cm. Doorway: 67 cm wide, 127 cm height. "Windows" above the doors: 50 x 26 cm.
Eight years later: A still more aged pigsty! Tiles are gone by storms. Extended decay. The house longhorne beetles have done their job... It is difficult to find wood in a condition to make a dendrochronology sample. Though I got one sample from a short block just under the roof tiles.
The curve shows the good match towards the reference curve for Nämdö. With only 49 rings the crossdating might be considered unreliable, though the crossdating clearly indicates the felling year as the winter 1874/75 towards both the Nämdö reference (ITRDB:swed302) and the Tyresö-reference (the croft Sisshammar at Tyresö, ITRDB:swed304).
The sea shore barn
This is the barn on the innermost shore of the inlet at Gamla Östanvik. The photo is from 2007. This barn is also visible on the two very first photos in this story. Today the barn is covered by a tin roof.
The barn is probably built during or after the winter 1820/21. In 1873/74 an extra layer of blocks was added to the walls or the upper layer was replaced, possibly in connection with repairs of the roof. To make these results more reliable, samples should be taken also in the uppermost block in the longside wall towards south (at the sea side). To make the overall story more reliable, a few more samples should be taken and crossdated. The size of the barn should also be documented.
Ring width data is available in NMKSSB.rwl together with comments that are readable by CDendro.